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Today we will try to clarify a topic that is very heart to science: sugar. Sucrose (scientific name of sugar) is a disaccharide consisting of a fructose and a glucose molecule.
The history of this food, used in kitchens around the world, has a very long history to be sought as early as 5000 BC. when Chinese, Indians and Australians began to export it all over the world. With the discovery of America, the cultivation of sugar canes was introduced in Cuba, Mexico, Brazil and the Antilles.
I myself, during a trip to Cuba, to Pinar del Rio, I could observe the fascinating process of squeezing and boiling the sugar canes that allow to obtain a dense and sweet sugary drink.
But does sugar really hurt? We begin by saying that according to how it is processed and where it is extracted there are different types of sugar:
Like most foods, I think it’s fair to say that even the sugar is the rule of “too much sugar hurts”. Let’s see together in detail the false myths and truths about sugar.
1) Sugar is the fuel of our cells and without it many of them, such as neurons and red blood cells, would not be able to live because they almost exclusively use sugar as their source of energy. Many diets tend to drastically reduce the amount of sugar present in our diet. This is a mistake, given that the WHO guidelines also recommend the intake of 10% simple sugars of total calories, instead for complex carbohydrates (starches) must reach 45-60% of the calories ingested.
2) Sugar is essential for healthy nutrition. If we did not take it, our body would synthesize glucose molecules and destroy part of the muscle mass. If the lack of sugar becomes prolonged, a synthesis of ketone bodies would occur which would produce acidity in the blood with a consequent alteration of the whole metabolism of the organism. But be careful: in excessive doses the sugar creates big problems (just think that in America many doctors do not recommend it to children under two years, and from 18 years onwards with extreme caution)
3) The presence of sugar in a food does not change much for our body if it comes in the form of natural sugar or added later. The important thing is not to exceed the recommended daily dose and pay attention to foods that contain a particular type of sugar that maybe we do not expect. Be careful that the sugar is hidden in the most unthinkable foods. Being a stabilizer, an antimicrobial, it is put in the products so that they do not rot
4) Sugar does not cause diabetes, but is caused by a disease of the pancreas that eliminates the production of insulin. In diabetics there is a difficulty in managing the metabolism of sugar.
5) Sugar does not cause obesity. The latter is a condition that depends on several factors: genetics, a wrong diet and lack of physical activity. If the amount of sugar is suitable for proper nutrition there are no problems. We must be careful that there are subjects who, despite being normal weight, are obese. This, because despite having a normal weight have a quantity of adipose mass not in the norm.
6) Does brown sugar hurt less than normal sugar? We assume that at the time of the Romans only honey was used as a sweetener. Then America and the sugar canes were discovered. As the demand was enormous and a slave market had been created due to the large demand for this product, there was a need to create other types of sugar that had to be processed. That’s why overly taken all the sugars are bad.
There are films that show how in reality today cane sugar is nothing but caramelized white sugar: just crush it and we will realize that sugar actually becomes white. So pay attention to what we buy!
7) Sugar does not cause tooth decay, but the cause of it is bad dental hygiene after taking the sugar. So it is very important, after eating your favorite dessert, brush your teeth!
8) If I eat a ton of fruit, and then I take a ton of fructose, this will not hurt me. But if I exaggerate with tons of synthesized fructose, I go to meet gout. This is because the industrial fructose is composed individually, while that of Mother Nature has other compounds that allow us to avoid this inconvenience.
9) Attention because it often happens to hear women who drink many sugary drinks such as fruit juices or classic carbonated drinks, and, despite strict diets, do not lose an ounce. This is because this type of drinks are not only addictive, but also contain lots of sugars.
An excellent solution, both for adults and children, is to use honey instead of sugar. I will do an article later on the preciousness of honey.
* The site offers contents for informational purposes only. In no case can they constitute the prescription of a treatment or replace the specialist visit with their own health professionals.